When planning to have your own garden project, the first thing you must consider is the type of soil you’ll be using. It’s the practice of growing and cultivating plants as part of horticulture. Gardening is considered by many people especially landscape gardeners to be a relaxing activity.
But why should we choose what garden soil to be used?
The soil is often considered as the boring part of gardening. Your soil is one of the keys to achieving healthy and perfect growth of plants. All types of plants and vegetables need sunlight, well-fertile, well-conditioned and well-drained soil, and they will contract and eliminate fewer disease if the site has good ventilation and environment. Choosing the appropriate type of soil is the key nutrients for final component in building healthy garden soil. Just like humans, plants need nutrients to grow and to block off disease. Natural gardening indicates the general fertility of your garden soil.
Soil, which is often called the Skin of the Earth, is a mixture of decaying organic matter (humus), minerals, liquids, and many countless living organisms.
Identifying your soil type
In order to identify what type of soil you have, you need to undergo two tests.
1. First is to place a cup filled with soil (from a finger depth from the top) into a container and add ¾ full of water. Stir properly then wait a couple of hours for the soil to settle. When it has settled you will then see layers of soil on the bottom. In identifying, the bottom layer will be sand, the next is silt, the next layer is clay, and if there is a layer on top of that it will be organic matter. The amount of each layer determines what your soil type is.
- If the clay layer is the thickest, it’s a heavy soil that has a lot of clay content. These are hard to dig soils, sticky and hold too much moisture in wet weather, yet they also hold a lot of nutrients. If you hand fully take the moist soil and squeeze it, it will hold altogether in a ball.
- If the silt and organic layers are the biggest one, you will have loamy soil. If you take a handful of moist soil and squeeze it, it will hold into a ball but will easily break and crumble. This is the best sort of soil.
- If the sand is in the bottom layer and is the largest one, it is a sandy soil. If you take a handful of moist, sandy soil and squeeze it, it will not hold its shape at all.
2. The second test is the PH test. Simply buy a PH testing kit from any garden stores. Simply follow the directions to see what the PH of your soil is. An acidic soil (low PH) can be used to grow blueberries, cranberries, and azaleas. Alkaline (high PH) loving plants are for vegetables and seaside plants like lavender, maples, and carnations.
You Might Also Want To Read: The Basic Principles of Garden Landscaping and Why You Need It
The soil is a key component of agriculture. There are two most important properties of soil, particularly in agriculture, its ability to hold or drain water, and its nutrient composition. Additionally, all soil contains a varying mixture of three types of rock particles: clay, sand, and silt.
Again, the soil is an important element in the health and vitality of plants, landscape gardeners and farmers should take care in knowing what type of gardening soils they are using.